How much rainwater falls on your roof?
Each inch of rainfall drops 1,240 gallons on a 2000 square foot roof. To approximate the amount of rainwater falling on your roof, multiply the square footage of your roof footprint (including porches and garage) by .62 to get your gallons per inch of rain. Tip: if you don't know the square footage of your roof footprint, substitute your house square footage.
How much rainwater can you collect from your roof?
It depends mainly on the annual rainfall in your area, but also on the "runoff efficiency" of your roof. A conservative estimate would be 85% efficiency due to evaporation, splashing, and roof surface smoothness. So a realistic collection amount from that inch of water on a 2000 square foot roof is 1,054 gallons. Multiply the square footage of your roof by .527 to get a conservative estimate of your collection potential.
How can you use less water on your yard?
Water used for foundation plantings and gardens can be cut in half by using drip irrigation and mulch instead of sprinklers or sprayers. St. Augustine turf needs about an inch of water a week to stay green. Several varieties of Bermuda need only half that amount. Buffalo grass needs almost no supplemental watering once established, but it needs a lot of sun. Consider replacing your sunnier areas of St. Augustine with Buffalo grass, and creating mulched areas in the shadiest spots planted with native or adapted low water use plants. You can probably reduce your turf water use by half or better.
Why does grass look so much greener after a rain?
Rain clouds form in the sky when water vapor in the atmosphere cools and forms droplets. These droplets also contain dissolved nitrogen that comes from the air. (Nitrogen is the main active ingredient in commercial lawn fertilizer). Rainwater, whether it comes as rainfall or from a rainwater storage tank, greens up your grass with free, natural fertilizer. And you will be "greener" since this free fertilizer isn't made from hydrocarbons.
How much water do you use in your house?
Nationwide, we use about 150 gallons per day per person, which includes outdoor use. Indoors, we use about 70 gallons per day per person. Of that, less than 5% is used for drinking and cooking. Most is used for washing dishes and clothes, flushing toilets and bathing. It takes 2 gallons to brush your teeth, 2 to 7 gallons to flush a toilet, and 25 to 50 gallons to take a shower. If you have low-flow toilets and faucets, usage might drop to about 60 gallons per person. By using water-efficient appliances and water-conserving practices, you can achieve a daily per-person usage lower than 50 gallons per person.
What are the components of a rain harvesting system?
DIY Tutorial --Build a Rain Barrel
Rain Barrels can save you a bundle of $$$$$!!!! You can use the caught rain water to water your garden, trees, plants, to fill a bird bath, fill a pool, toilet flushing, laundry, and much more!!!
Let's get to building!!!!
The first step is drilling the hole for the faucet. You’ll want to drill it as low as possible (since the water below the hole won’t flow out) but not too low that you can’t attach a hose or place a watering can under it (which obviously would be no good). A regular drill with a hole-cutting attachment will work great for this step. In less than 20 seconds, you will have a hole for your faucet.
You’ll want to keep the barrel on its side and then use your faucet (or “hose bibb”) to thread the plastic edges of the hole. You’ll do this by screwing it all the way into and back out of your newly made hole once. It may take a little bit of force to get the faucet threads to catch, but be careful not to push it so hard that you damage the plastic threads you’re creating.
Once you’ve unscrewed the faucet, you’ll want to apply a thin line of caulk around the edge of the hole:
Then you’ll place a reducing washer over the hole, with the caulk acting as the adhesive. Reducing washers have a raised lip on the inner rim, and that raised portion should go against the barrel.
With the reducing washer firmly in place, you can screw your faucet back into place for good (this will be a lot easier since you’ve already created threads by screwing the faucet into the hole and removing it a few steps back). When it’s firmly in place, you are ready for the next step.
Now that you’ve created a watertight seal on the outside – here comes the fun part – you’ve got to do the same on the INSIDE. Yep, time to crawl inside the barrel!!!
Inside the barrel, you’ll be repeating the process with the caulk and reducing washer – so remember to bring those with you when you go in. You’ll also want to bring a flashlight, because it’s dark in there. Once you’ve got your washer caulked in place, you’ll screw on a locknut to secure the faucet. You’ll probably need the help of some pliers to ensure you’ve got the locknut on there nice and tight.
That completes the process of attaching the faucet.
You can repeat the process at the top of the barrel with a “rigid nipple.” Basically, it’s an overflow spout that you could use to connect multiple barrels together.
Also, depending on your barrel, you may need to drill a 6 inch lid on top of your rain barrel just in case there is no hole on top. Some barrels come with bungs on top which serves as the entry way for the water to transfer from the gutter to your container.
**Be sure and have some type of screen to prevent debris from entering your barrel once your top entry hole has been created.**
Connecting Your Rain Barrel to Your Gutter System
To begin lets NOTE: It’s extremely important that the barrel sits on level ground (you may want to use a shovel to level the ground and even lay some sand to be sure, or use some cylinder blocks or stones to be sure the ground is level). A full barrel can weight up to 450lbs so you don’t want it tipping over on you.
Once you are certain the ground is prepped and level for your barrel you are ready for the final step: Adjusting the height of the current downspout. You need to adjust the height of your downspout so that it will spill into the top of the barrel. We detached the elbow at the bottom of the spout and dug out the underground plastic tubing that had been in place. A simple box cutter could do the trick unless you have a fancy gutter!
With the gutter cut to the right height you can just attach the existing end spout and slide the barrel into place underneath it!!!
BRING ON THE RAIN!!!!
Are you wondering “what is aquaponics?” The most simple definition is that it is the marriage of aquaculture (raising fish) and hydroponics (the soil-less growing of plants) that grows fish and plants together in one integrated system. The fish waste provides an organic food source for the growing plants and the plants provide a natural filter for the water the fish live in. The third participants are the microbes (nitrifying bacteria) and composting red worms that thrive in the growing media. They do the job of converting the ammonia from the fish waste first into nitrites, then into nitrates and the solids into vermicompost that that are food for the plants.
In combining both systems aquaponics capitalizes on the benefits and eliminates the drawbacks of each.
The problems with traditional soil-based gardening
These issues are all solved with hydroponics, but hydroponics has problems of its own
The problem with recirculating aquaculture
How aquaponics changes the game
History of Aquaponics
Texas Totes and Barrels provides a large variety of containment solutions. Rainwater harvesting is essential for all sorts of things. Texas Totes and barrels understands the reasons and has the containment solutions to assist your rainwater harvesting needs.
Ask about our 275g and 330g totes. They are the perfect rainwater harvesting containment. Call us today at (888)682-8683, or visit us on the web at http://www.texastotesandbarrels.com
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