The first approach is always remember to maximize space in the garden is to change from traditional row planting to 3 or 4 foot wide raised beds. Using the approach like single row planting like they do on farms for planting are sometimes not the best way to do in your backyard vegetable garden. In your backyard garden the fewer rows you have the less paths between rows you will need and the more square footage you will have available for growing crops. If you are happy with the amount of food you are getting out of your existing garden, go ahead and switch to raised beds or open beds. By doing this you can actually downsize the garden in your backyard. By freeing up space it gets you the available to plant new crops or make it easier to rotate your crops year to year.
Here are some more reasons:
When vegetables are planted intensively they shade and cool the ground below and require less watering, less weeding, less mulching — in other words, less labor for the gardener.
The more access you have between rows or beds, the more you and others will be compacting the soil by walking in them. By increasing the width of the growing beds and reducing the number of paths, you will have more growing area that you won’t be walking on, and this untrammeled soil will be fluffier and better for plants’ roots.
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